The term “sports injury” is a broad term generally reserved for injuries occurring while playing sports or exercising.
Sports injuries may occur from accidents, improper training, overuse, lack of proper warm up and stretching, or poor conditioning such as the weekend warrior. While sports injuries can be quite painful, seldom are they serious and require surgery. Sports injuries commonly involve the musculoskeletal system which means the bones, joints, muscles, tendons, ligaments and cartilage. Rarely do we see head injuries, spinal cord injuries or internal disorders from sports injuries.
Common Sports Related Injuries:
Sprain and Strains
A sprain injury involves the over-stretching or complete tear of a ligament. The ligament is a band-like structure which holds one bone tight to another bone. A sprain can be classified as a grade 1(minimally stretched) to a grade 3(complete tear). Sprains occur due to trauma such as a fall or impact to the body that causes a joint to be knocked from its normal position. The most common sites of sprain type injuries include the ankle, knee, wrist, lower back and neck (whiplash). Signs and symptoms of a sprain include pain or tenderness to touch, bruising, inflammation, swelling, joint instability, reduce range of motion, joint laxity and pain with pressure.
A strain injury occurs from over-stretching or stress to a muscle or tendon. The tendon is a strong cord that attaches muscle to bone. The over-stretching can result from twisting, bending or over contraction of a muscle. The symptoms are usually pain, tenderness, inflammation, spasm, loss of strength or loss of function. Muscles strains can be minor or severe depending on the amount of damage or stress placed on the muscle or tendon. It is important to have these injuries treated as soon as possible to prevent chronic problems which can impair function and loss of play time.